Globalization is a historical phenomenon that has been occurring throughout decades, and whether it creates development or not depends on whose perspective it is. The western nations, particularly America and some European countries, are the ones taking the full preferred standpoint of the advantages of globalization. Then again, a few specialists state that globalization isn’t doing much for the creation of nations, or that it might be diminishing their situations of destitution and social imbalance. “Debates currently raging about globalization include whether it even exists, whether it is more important now than at some earlier date, whether it is displacing the nation-state, and whether it is more important than regionalism or localism” (Stallings 2000). Globalization implies various things to several individuals, however in many cases remain a loose and ill-defined concept. Globalization has a few definitions, yet an undeniable truth which everybody consents to is the way that it is a complex process that has wide and changing effects on the world, both created and developing. This essay will examine how globalization has brought overwhelming negative contributions to most nations. The global interdependence, unemployment and cultural boundaries. Globalization is broadly acknowledged and referred to as “the growing interdependence of the world’s economies, cultures, and populations, brought about by cross-border trade in goods and services, technology, and flows of investment, people, and information.” (Kolb, 2018). This broadly acknowledged definition demonstrates the practice by which globalization today connects the way of life and networks in a single corner of the world to development happening in another nation.
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Firstly, globalization is truly a complex phenomenon  “which encompasses a great variety of tendencies and trends in the economic, social and cultural spheres” (Bertucci & Alberti 2001). It is dynamic and unusual, despite the fact that not by any means of imagination complicated. Four main points have been specified to be the main drives pushing forward global interdependence. They include trade and investment liberalization, technological innovation and the reduction of communication costs, entrepreneurship and global social networks. (Bertucci & Alberti 2001). Despite the fact that it is believed in various quarters that the two significant drives behind globalization are entrepreneurship and technological innovation, these two alone can’t give a description of the process of increased economic combination. The national governments have played a very vital role in allowing greater interdependence and economic integration of specific activities, through the elaboration and adoption of market-oriented policies and regulations, at both the international and local levels. (Bertucci & Alberti 2001). The economic dimension of globalization is the most formidable and has been the driving force for the political and social aspects. (Ibrahim 2006). Taking Africa for instance, European societies could discover their ways into the deepest areas because of the colonization of different nations which was triggered by the European modern transformation.
Furthermore, globalization is responsible for the world’s unemployment circumstance though it a few jobs opportunities.“It ‘s true that global economic integration and increased travel have resulted in increased competitiveness at the national and enterprise levels, forcing producers to find ways to cut costs, improve efficiency, and raise productivity”(Kigundu M.N.,2002).In developed nations, individuals have employment uncertainty. Individuals are losing their positions. Developed countries have redistributed manufacturing and white collar professions. That implies fewer occupations for their people. This is on the grounds that the manufacturing work is redistributed to nations where the expenses of constructing products and wages are lower than in their nations. They have redistributed to developing nations like China and India. A lot of people like clerks, developers, editors and researchers have lost professions due to redistributing to cheaper areas like China and India.
In conclusion, globalization has brought the loss of cultural boundaries. It has caused the destruction of various languages in numerous developing countries. The way in which languages are going extinct is extremely fast, and this has been predicted to proceed unless if something is possible done to stop the unpredictable process of globalization (Cronin 2003). The improved interaction of western societies with neighbouring societies in the developing nation has prompted the dissolving of existing cultural barriers so the characteristic of the local cultures begins to fade. Also in many countries, the native languages are rendered weak because of the fact that the English Language is the official language of the country. Globalization has made the English language a predator language. Tuhus-Dubrow (2002) noted that a language is viewed as threatened when it is never spoken by kids, and left to extinct out when it is never again spoken. The English language has become uncontrolled everywhere throughout the world and is no longer under the control of its original owners.
To sum up, this essay has shown the ability of globalization as a complex process with wide-achieving impacts on nations. Globalization has many a lot of gains and advantages, yet because of the worldwide interdependence, joblessness and cultural extinction, which are disadvantages despite its advantage. These effects hold serious difficulties for nations in need of required for economic growth and development of these nations. Globalization should not be stopped but limited to a degree and pace that reflect the nation’s circumstance.
- Cronin, M. (2003). Translation and Globalization. London: Routledge,https://lantrans.weebly.com/uploads/2/1/1/6/21169610/translation_and_globalization.pdf
- Bertucci, G & Alberti, A. (2001). Globalization and the Role of the State: Challenges and Perspectives, United Nations World Public Sector Report 2001 on “Globalization and the State”http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan006225.pdf
- Ibrahim, MJ (2006). The effect of globalization on the development of underdeveloped economies,http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.197.744&rep=rep1&type=pdf
- Kiggundu, M. N. (2002). Managing globalization in developing countries and transition economies.
- Kolb, M. (2019). What Is Globalization?.
- Stallings, B. (2000). Globalization and Liberalization: A View from the Developing Countries, U.N. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.198.2800&rep=rep1&type=pdf
- Tuhus-Dubrow, R. (2002). Worldâ€™s Languages Are Fast Disappearing. https://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/162/27570.html
 Stallings, B. (2000). Globalization and Liberalization: A View from the Developing Countries, U.N. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.198.2800&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Kolb, M. (2018). What Is Globalization?.
 Bertucci, G & Alberti, A. (2001). Globalization and the Role of the State: Challenges and Perspectives, United Nations World Public Sector Report 2001 on “Globalization and the State”http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan006225.pdf
 Ibrahim, MJ (2006). The effect of globalization on the development of underdeveloped economies,http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.197.744&rep=rep1&type=pdf
 Kiggundu, M. N. (2002). Managing globalization in developing countries and transition economies.
 Cronin, M. (2003). Translation and Globalization. London: Routledge,https://lantrans.weebly.com/uploads/2/1/1/6/21169610/translation_and_globalization.pdf
 Tuhus-Dubrow, R. (2002). Worldâ€™s Languages Are Fast Disappearing. https://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/162/27570.html
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