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Evaluation of the Strange Situation Experiment

Paper Type: Free Essay Subject: Psychology
Wordcount: 1821 words Published: 18th May 2020

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The purpose of the Strange situation experiment was to gather all the details of the bonding behaviors among infants with their parents. Ainsworth & Bell (1970) defines connection is a type of bonding among one individual, and the other one lives together in space which continues during the time (pg. 50). The author of the study urged to find out individual behaviors in an unfamiliar situation that newborn child would show the bonding criteria, henceforth the name The Strange Situation Experiment.

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For the strange state of affairs Experiment, the most reason for the study was to urge the main points of association behaviors of infants with their caregiver figures. Ainsworth & Bell (1970) characterize association as associate degree emotional bond that one individual or creature frames among oneself and another explicit one that brings them along in house that continues once a while (pg. 50). The specialists of this study required to seek out out the individual behaviors that newborn kids would show that arrangements with the association criteria once in a very peculiar circumstance, henceforward the name The Strange state of affairs Experiment.

The creator of this paper is in concurrence with the Strange state of affairs hypothesis by Ainsworth. the principle for this paper is to survey it. The Strange state of affairs Experiment incorporates eight times of divisions associated reunions between a baby, their mom, associate degreed Associate in Nursing outsider (Ainsworth and Bell, 1970). The specialists were to cross-check the newborn child’s responses, United Nations agency were one to two years aged (Ainsworth and Bell, 1970). this text gave marvellous knowledge into seeing lots of relating to the baby connections associate degreed practices towards their mama Associate in Nursingd an outsider. The practices delineate within the examination is appeared as all the means that right right down to earth throughout these days and age.

The strange state of affairs experiment study

As delineated earlier, Ainsworth and Bell set eight periods of separations and reunions between children, mother, and a unwelcome person person (1970). Most of the kid’s ages were between one and one or two of and from a bourgeois family (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). The kid would be placed in Associate in Nursing extremely area of toys with the mama gift than a unwelcome person would appear whereas the mamma slowly leaves the world in step with the format of separation and reunion (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). Ainsworth & Bell (1970) explains the items as followed: one. The investigator introduces the kid and mother into an area with toys than leaves. 2. The mama sits down as a result of the kid plays with the toys; this signifies a secure base of the mamma for the child. 3. A unwelcome person comes in and starts a voice communication with the mama. the kid acknowledges the unwelcome person and is approached by him/her with a toy to create some bonding. 4. The mother quietly leaves the place. the kid finds out that the mother is missing, but the outsider starts to comfort the kid to decrease the separation anxiety. 5. The mother came back, greets the kid, the unwelcome person depart, and provide any desired comfort required. 6. The mother leaves the place yet again, and thus the kid starts to have separation anxiety yet again. 7. The unwelcome person enters the world yet again Associate in Nursingd tries to create the kid cozy an time beyond regulation. Slight comfort state of affairs is provided to the kid by the outsider. 8. The mother reenters, supply plenty of comfort than before, and thus the kid reacts nicely and utterly to the reunion with mama (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970).

Four stages planned throughout this experiment study: Secured attachment, Avoidant attachment, Resistant attachment, and Disorganized/disoriented attachment (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). The secure attachment was the foremost distinguished stage once the parent wasn’t present; the kid would cry since that’s their secure place (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). The crying was quickly decreasing once the parent came back (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970).

Ainsworth hypothesized that she believed that the infants throughout this stage of development would ponder their folks as a secure base, exhibit some reaction from the kid once degree outsider is gift whereas the mama isn’t found around (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). the same issue happened throughout the experimental study: the child would react negatively to the outsider once the mama wasn’t found near as a result of the mamma was the secure base for the kid.

 Agreement or Disagreement of experiment

 As earlier described, the author of this review agrees with the Strange Situation Theory.  The kids thought of their oldsters as a secure and secure base per Ainsworth, and if that base removed, the infant can show some adverse reactions (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970; Berk, 2014). There is another theory same like Ainsworth play a big role: John Bowlby. Bowlby thinks that infants and their parents/caregivers would kind attachments owing to the biological side of attachment (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). In alternative words, the infant/child creating the noises, crawling, and crying are processes that are transmitted that keeps the parent (s) shut and cause attachment behaviors to be developing (Shah, 2015). With the infant/child creating those sounds, they apprehend that their parent (s) would return (Berk, 2014; Shah, 2015).

 The creator agrees with both Ainsworth and Bowlby and their different theories. Both of the theories are about what the kids exhibit in today’s world and something about the parents experiencing (Berk, 2014). Another phase of the theory talks about how the emotional aspect of the infant and the parent/caregiver is a means of survival that Bowlby came up called the Ethological Theory of Attachment (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). The author can feel that the Ethnological Theory of Attachment plays out in the Strange Situation experiment from reading about Ainsworth and Bell’s experimental study. For example, when the infant sees the stranger without any parent present around them, and the kid does not know what to do in that situation, the separation anxiety start (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). It does not work while the outsider tries to make the infant comfortable (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). That would fit in with the emotional aspect of the Ethnological Theory of Attachment when the infant starts getting emotional (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). When the parent returned, that is when the infant would feel safe and secure again (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970). The infant needs its secure base back to continue.

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 Ainsworth’s theory can be debate as likely as it is something that the author had seen this person in children. Not only in infants aged 1 to 2 but young children who are in daycare and even pre-school can also display attachment behaviors portrayed in Ainsworth’s experiment (Berk, 2014; Shah, 2015). When a kid sees a stranger, he started crying, after, seeing back his mom; he stops crying (Ainsworth & Bell, 1970; Berk, 2014). The allover outlook that can be considered from Ainsworth’s theory and experiment is that the Indent considers their caregiver as a secure base, and they feel to stay more safe with their parent.

Interventions in the experiment

  The central mediation that can put to use to assist youngsters with developing sound connections would be for parents to advise them with other relatives or strangers early that way the kids can become accustomed and begin a bond together. This is unquestionably valuable because, on account a circumstance where the kid would be with another relative, the kid ought not to feel any threat. Getting the kid used to other relatives that later on would need to care for the youngster would facilitate the partition uneasiness. The tyke ought to console that the parent will return and not surrendered.

Different ways can be utilized to handle childcare situations. Nowadays, a considerable measure of when guardians need to work drops kids to childcare (Berk, 2014). Parents should show the new generation exceptional acclaim with the goal that they do not cry when dropped at the childcare. Another way that can be considered for this would be uplifting feedback where they are commended for accomplishing something right. They ought to console that they are in a protected situation until the point when the parent returns, and there is nothing to fear. Once more, they should realize that they not deserted and that they ought to overcome. Guardians ought to recognize their courage with unique acclaim. With this intercession, it can support a positive outcome when the little one should be left alongside another parental figure later on.


 This examination gave researchers, teachers, and understudies knowledge about the connection practices of a newborn child and mom and how they respond to divisions and reunions with the mother and an outsider (Ainsworth and Bell, 1970). Ainsworth and Bowlby had comparative contemplations identified with this subject, yet more research ought to finish. Connection practices viewed as a safe strategy for newborn children (Ainsworth and Bell, 1970). Ainsworth’s article discusses detachments and reunions by the newborn child and the mother in a controlled analysis room; however, not, in reality, certifiable circumstance. Scientists would not have the capacity to foresee what might occur in a genuine certifiable circumstance dependent on what occurred in this examination, so more research ought to resolve. The hypothesis introduced in Ainsworth’s article is pleasant as it is something found in the youngsters today. As a rule, more research and more intercessions ought to call for with the goal that fewer occurrences of newborn children/youngsters carrying on will happen and their brains will not have thoughts about being left with a stranger.


  • Ainsworth, M. S., & Bell, S. M. (1970). Attachment, exploration, and separation: Illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation. Child Development, 41(1), 49–67.
  • Berk, L. E (2014). Development through the lifespan (6th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson.
  • Shah, N.S. (2015). Effects of attachment disorder on psychosocial development. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse, 7(2). Retrieved from https://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=998


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